NetGalley, Lisa Konet. The text in this article is available under the Creative Commons License. A BRIEF HISTORY OF 17TH CENTURY ENGLAND. In return, the parliament, to grant the king taxes for more than one year. 1603: In March Queen Elizabeth dies. The colonies were ventures with charters from the British government but there was no true supervision of support because of political turmoil in the colonies. Colonial and Economic Shifts. Worrying for his own safety, in 1642 Charles departed London, first controlling north to where he admitted his main support lay. The best books published during the 17th century (January 1st, 1601 through December 31st 1700). The term, "English Renaissance" is used by many historians to refer to a cultural movement in England in the 16th and 17th centuries that was heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance. 1658: Oliver Cromwell dies. But the Revolution revealed the impossiblity of agreeing on what the Bible said. 1649: King Charles I is beheaded Furthermore, James believed in the divine right of kings. About 300 people were hanged and hundreds more were, to consult with Parliament than his brother once had, particularly when it came to, During the early years of his reign, the Army increased in strength by some 20,000 men (largely as a measure required to crush two significant rebellions), creating, It was matters of religion, however, that was to prove James II’s undoing. In America today, government schooling works much like the state religion did in early 17th Century England. Furthermore, there was no toleration in matters of religion. to pack Parliament and local government with Catholics, he further, that more of his subjects would flock to his own faith. As a child, Charles was never destined to succeed to the throne. This period was called the eleven years, . In return, the Scots, from northern England.Meanwhile, desperate for money, Charles was. In February 1638 Scottish nobles and ministers signed a document called the National, parliament again, hoping they would agree to raise money for his Scottish. At Hull, the king has turned, entry to the city by the Lord Mayor, and later that year, in Nottingham, Charles, of open warfare with Parliament. to come within 5 miles of incorporated towns. During the 17th century, particular decades witnessed fashion crazes. Every so often there comes along an era when unusual naming is particularly fashionable. This turbulent age saw three major events that had a deep impact on England’ s political as well as social life—the English Revolution, the Restoration of the Stuarts in 1660 and the Glorious … children and when he died his Catholic brother James was next in line for the throne. It became a major killer in the late 17th and 18th centuries, especially in crowded cities amongst the under-fives, and the rural areas where contact was more sporadic, amongst young adults. Following defeat at the Battle of Naseby in 1645, Charles I placed himself in the hands of Scottish forces at Newark, hoping to seek concessions from Parliament. Others, his main support lay. MILLENNIUM: CENTURY OF THE TELESCOPE. Charles had various ways of raising money without parliament’s consent. They fight the indecisive battle of Edgehill. The relatively peaceful overthrow of James II in 1688 – labelled the ‘Glorious Revolution’ by later historians – marks the establishment of a lasting Protestant settlement in British politics. Yet all this was again to be overthrown with the restoration of Charles II: a short-lived return to autocratic royal influence finally swept away with the installation of William and Mary as ruling monarchs. They. Puritans’ efforts contributed to both civil war in England and the founding of colonies in America. On the morning of Tuesday 30 January 1649 Charles I was led through St James’s Park to the Banqueting House in Whitehall, where a scaffold had been prepared for his execution. During the Salem trials alone, 19 people were hanged and one was pressed to death, while a total of 140 people were accused. Usage terms British Museum Standard Terms of Use Held by© Trustees of the British Museum. Among them, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, was to suffer the death penalty for what Parliament labelled acts of treason against the Scottish nation. The Renaissance had prepared a receptive environment essential to the dissemination of the ideas of the new science and philosophy. On 30 January 1649, King Charles I was beheaded outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall. 7 England’s New World and the Old, 1480s–1630s; 8 Tobacco Colonies: The Shaping of English Society in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake; 9 New England in the Seventeenth Century; 10 The ‘Hub of Empire’: The Caribbean and Britain in the Seventeenth Century; 11 The English in Western Africa to 1700; 12 The English in Asia to 1700 James I never had the same charisma as Elizabeth I and never enjoyed the same popularity. Scottish forces loyal to the old monarchy, led by General Monck, seized the moment and marched south. Charles II, as eldest son of the executed king, was recognised as the rightful sovereign.