See also Major scales exercises and arpeggios. If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. D Major Scale. The nature of the intervals labels the Major Scale as a. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, Notes: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, G D: D, E, F#, G, A, B, C#, D The major scale is a 7-note scale, made up of a specific combination of half steps and whole steps. A whole step skips a key. on Facebook Fingering (LH): 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3 Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 In this lesson we will take a look at the A major scale. The name of the scale is the same as the starting note – so we could have the G minor scale, or the Bb major scale, for example. The major scale (or Ionian mode) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music. The root notes are always A tones. The roman numeral analysis is shown in parentheses. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 from the first note to the next octave. Piano Major Scales. The major scale (or Ionian mode) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music. Chord I, A flat major consists of the notes, Ab – C – Eb. Ionian/Major Scale: A♭, B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G, A♭, Aeolian/Natural minor scale: F, G, A♭, B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Using the formula, W-W-H-W-W-W-H, starting on A, move one whole step to B, a whole step to C#, a half step to D, a whole step to E, a whole step to F#, a whole step to G# and a half step to A. What’s the fingering for this scale? The main three-note and four-note chords that are related to this scale are the following: The tones in these chords correspond to the tones of the A Major scale. The A Major The numbers inside the circle show the number of sharps or flats in the key signature, with the sharp keys going clockwise, and the flat keys counterclockwise from C major (which has no sharps or flats.) F#/Gb: F#, G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E#, F# / Gb, Ab, Bb, Cb (B), Db, Eb, F, Gb As I said, you can start playing on any note on a keyboard and, as long as you follow the set pattern above, you will be able to play a major scale. They are based on the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H. “W” stands for whole step, and “H” stands for half step. Like many musical scales, it is made up of seven notes: the eighth duplicates the first at double its frequency so that it is called a higher octave of the same note (from Latin "octavus", the eighth). This major scale key is on the Circle of 5ths - A major on circle of 5ths, which means that it is a commonly used major scale key. It differs from the harmonic minor scale only by raising the third degree. Major Scale Formula. Therefore, for every type of scale there are 12 possible starting notes. D#/Eb: D#, E# (F), F## (G), G#, A#, B# (C), C## (D), D# / Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, D, Eb It is the fifth mode of the Hungarian minor scale. This helps you a lot until you have memorized all the scales and vice versa: you don’t need to memorize them if you know the intervals. To explain further: you can play chords like C, Em, F, G and Am together with the C Major Scale. It’s as follows: (Thumb is finger 1, index finger is finger 2, middle finger is 3, ring finger is 4 and pinky finger is 5.). Each step you go up is called a semitone or a half tone. A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone. C# and Db), because they can be played in two different keys. The finger numbers are as follows: Thumb: 1, index finger: 2, middle finger: 3, ring finger: 4, pinky (little) finger: 5. Like many musical scales, it is made up of seven notes: the eighth duplicates the first at double its frequency so that it is called a higher octave of the same note (from Latin "octavus", the eighth). contact | about | sitemap | policy In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. In musical notation, the key of A is indicated by its key signature with three sharps. You have just played what is called a whole tone scale. For example, here is an A major scale: Can you see how the same pattern of steps (Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Semitone) is used? Find one below. Its notes are F# – A – C#. The double harmonic major scale[7] has a minor second and a minor sixth. Check it out. The sequence of intervals between the notes of a major scale is: where "whole" stands for a whole tone (a red u-shaped curve in the figure), and "half" stands for a semitone (a red angled line in the figure).[2]. This is the "do re mi fa sol la ti do" scale you probably learned in school. Video lessons, worksheets and EXCLUSIVE CONTENT. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: Db, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, C, Db He is a music teacher, examiner, composer and pianist with over twenty years experience in music education. Also, the notes in the diagrams and the notes in the overview below sometimes differ. Its key signature has three sharps. The Major scale Explained. Major 6th – The 6th note of the scale is F. Ab is the tonic of the A-flat major scale. The term "major scale" is also used in the names of some other scales whose first, third, and fifth degrees form a major triad. Bb is the supertonic of the A-flat major scale. These are always the same for scales in a specific category. Learn more about the chords in the key of A flat major here. For this reason, many marches, religious, and holiday songs are written in D-Major. Moreover, the key signature of the piece of music (or section) will generally reflect the accidentals in the corresponding major scale. It is one of the diatonic scales. The circular arrangement depends on enharmonic relationships in the circle, usually reckoned at six sharps or flats for the major keys of F♯ = G♭ and D♯ = E♭ for minor keys. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The notes of the F# minor scale are F# – G# – A – B – C# – D – E – F#. For instance, if a piece of music is in E♭ major, then the seven pitches in the E♭ major scale (E♭, F, G, A♭, B♭, C and D) are considered diatonic pitches, and the other five pitches (E♮, F♯/G♭, A♮, B♮, and C♯/D♭) are considered chromatic pitches. C: C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. on Twitter Major 2nd – The 2nd note of the  scale is Bb. The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. To count up a whole step (whole tone), count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. The triads built on each scale degree follow a distinct pattern. They are as follows: Diatonic Triads In A major: A – Bm – C#m – D – E – F#m – G#dim. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: A, B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, A We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. is identical with the A Ionian mode. Its notes are D – F# – A. Chord V: E major. Major scales and their relative minor scales have the same notes except that they start on a different note. A collection of keyboard charts can be downloaded as a PDF-file. The Major scales in musical notation are available in the member area. The second is the combined scale that goes as Ionian ascending and as the previous melodic major descending. Good luck! In some cases, there are double-sharps (e.g. As an example, C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, A#, B#, C# and Db, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, C, Db (as in C# / Db scales) are the same notes but partly written differently.