Coffee, caffeine, and coronary heart disease. Registration procedures, event rates, and case-fatality rates in 38 populations from 21 countries in four continents. Green tea consumption has been shown to reduce the risk of mortality because of all-cause and CVD.3 Compared with green tea <1 cup/day, ≥5 cups/day had 15% and 26% reduced risk of all-cause and CVD mortality, respectively. Cohort members were excluded from the analyses, if they reported CVD or cancer in the questionnaires (n=5061), lost to follow-up and moved out of the area before the baseline survey (n=1327), or incompletely answered the food-frequency questionnaire (n=12 572). Higher frequencies of coffee consumption tended to be younger, had a higher prevalence of smoking and exercise, and had a lower prevalence of antihypertensive drug users and history of diabetes mellitus. Effect of coffee and green tea consumption on the risk of liver cancer: cohort analysis by hepatitis virus infection status. Myocardial infarction and coronary deaths in the World Health Organization MONICA Project. Contact Us, The Japan Public Health Center-Based Study Cohort, Correspondence to Yoshihiro Kokubo, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA, FESC, Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka, 565-8565 Japan. After further adjustment, the significance was inversely associated with CI for green tea consumption of ≥4 cups/day. Second, incidence is a more direct measure of CVD risk than death because treatment influences CVD death. Habitual caffeine intake and the risk of hypertension in women. All cases of CVD based on death certificates only had been registered as death certificates only cases. Changes in residential status were identified through the residential registry in each area. The results were similar among men and women (data not shown). Table 1. These are classic AHA citrus flavors, round, slightly sweet, a little cartoonish, but refreshing nonetheless. Association of coffee drinking with total and cause-specific mortality. For each stroke subtype (cerebral infarction [CI; thrombotic or embolic stroke], intracerebral hemorrhage [ICH], and subarachnoid hemorrhage), a definite diagnosis was established based on the examination of CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging, or autopsy findings.16 Coronary heart disease (CHD) indicated in the medical records was confirmed according to the criteria of the MONICA project, which requires chest pain, electrocardiographic evidence, cardiac enzyme abnormalities, and autopsy findings.17 In the absence of diagnosis of myocardial infarction, deaths that occurred within 1hour from onset of event were regarded as sudden cardiac deaths. Multivariable were adjusted for age; sex; smoking; alcohol; body mass index; history of diabetes mellitus; medication of antihypercholesterolemia and antihypertension; sports; dietary intake of fruits, vegetables, fish, and energy; public health centers; and coffee consumption. We investigated the association of the combination of those consumption with stroke incidence in a general population. To complete surveillance for fatal CVD, we also conducted a systematic search for death certificates. Refreshing Citrus taste with goodness of Green Tea On a bright, sunny day when you are craving for a refreshing drink, the AHA sparkling water comes to your rescue. In this study, higher green tea and coffee consumption were found to be inversely associated with the incidences of CVD and stroke subtypes.