Groundhogs prefer burrowing in areas that provide ample cover; remove piles of debris, rocks and/or wood where groundhogs may take shelter. They weigh up to 13 pounds and have two coats of fur. The only time groundhogs socialize is during mating season, in early spring, but many males will actually leave their burrows in February and March to visit the dens of females in their territory. You can make your yard look less attractive to them so they will look someplace else. Groundhogs spend most of their time in their underground burrows, which have one main entrance that can be identified by a large mountain of excavated soil immediately outside the entrance hole. They are especially attracted to; peas, beans and melons. Locate the trap as close to a burrow entrance as possible; Always wear thick leather gloves when dealing with a trapped groundhog to prevent scratches and bites ; Set traps during the morning and afternoon when groundhogs are active. Remove Food Sources Groundhogs are smart creatures. However, during the warmer spring and summer months, the day is spent in their cool burrows and feeding occurs during the very early morning and at dusk. People and woodchucks can coexist for years without conflict. Although they are considered herbivores, they sometimes eat insects (less than 1% of the time). Generally solitary animals, groundhogs prefer to live alone in their own home territory. Instead, groundhogs go through bouts of "torpor," when their body temperature drops to about five degrees Celsius, he says. Groundhogs are coming into your area to find food and look for a safe place to make their home. Then, buy some sudsy or cloudy ammonia from a store, and pour a great deal of it into a burrow. It is common for groundhogs to build burrow systems in urban and suburban backyards. Appearance. In the summer and fall groundhogs increase their … The same den is also used for mating (which occurs just after hibernation ends) and raising young. In the burrow. Their burrows feature one main entrance hole and up to four other exits, usually located near trees, walls, or fences. Their occasionally problematic digging can even help aerate soil and recycle nutrients. Their burrows are quite elaborate, with a main entrance, at least one “spyhole,” a nesting area and a separate toilet chamber. They can first breed as yearlings (i.e., in their second summer), however, only 20–40% of female yearlings do breed. Their burrows, in which groundhogs spend most of their time, can be 50 feet long. Evicting from a property or residence . Groundhogs are adept at sniffing out past homes, both their own and those created by other critters. However, they are not safe out in the open, and you should do everything you can to make sure they burrow back down into their den or another den made by another groundhog. Skunk dens are used by adults when they give birth to young in the spring and also to avoid cold weather in the winter. Woodchucks, also known as "groundhogs", are well-known for their habitat of excavating burrows and sitting upright next to them.Description: This medium-sized mammal has a stout body. Groundhogs are known to keep their burrows clean by lining the bottom with dry grass. Groundhogs usually use the dug burrows for sleeping, hibernating or raising their young ones. When the first frost arrives, they will go into their underground burrows and sleep till spring, surviving on their body fat. If you are gardening; harvest your crops as early as possible. They can also scale trees to escape a threat. As woodchuck offspring prepare to leave the nest, additional holes will appear in lawns. They usually do not cause any significant damage with their tunneling and in many cases the best thing to do is leave them be. S. M. Kriebel/Flickr / CC BY 2.0 13. In general, groundhogs prefer open land and the surrounding wooded or brushy areas adjacent to it. The litter size averages 3–5 pups, which emerge from the den at about 33 days and are weaned at about 42 days. Predators. In the wild, where groundhogs belong, they can live up to 2-6 years, whereas in captivity, groundhogs have lived 9-14 years. In addition to raising their young, groundhogs use their burrows to escape predators and other threats, for sleeping and for hibernating. Groundhogs eat approximately 1/3 of their weight in vegetation each day. Summer burrows are often constructed near the middle of the home territory, while winter burrows are dug deep enough to stay below frost levels and are usually located near protective cover.