As part of the dedication, lavish games were funded by Caesar, indicating the staggering cost and thus the personal interest that Caesar had invested in the project. Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forum_of_Caesar&oldid=985512607, Buildings and structures completed in the 1st century BC, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, High-resolution 360° Panoramas and Images of, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 11:25. The 300,000 sq. These surpassed in number the collection of Mithridates dedicated by Caesar's rival Pompey. The Temple of Venus was formed by generating a cela on a high with two basement stairs side access, and had eight Corinthian columns on the front nine and on the sides, according to the canons of períptero sine postico. Perhaps more personal to Caesar were six collections of engraved gems. much more than an architecture competition for students. The Forum, however, evolved so that it served two additional purposes. The Area before the Forums (12th-9th Century B.C., Ancient Burials and Artifacts). The Temple of Venus Genetrix was completed after Caesar's assassination by Roman senators, which included lavish games in reference to Caesar's original dedication of the Forum. The Forum, however, evolved so that it served two additional purposes. For more informations: http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/en. Facts Type of Activity. The emperor himself intervened also on the Caesarian spaces creating a big semi-circular latrine (forica), equipped with a heating system and with an entrance from the Clivus Argentarius that maybe was symmetrically replicated on the opposite side of the structure. by sthorpe11 | Oct 27, 2012 | Construction Site, Roman Buildings, The Romans | 0 comments. These surpassed in number the collection of Mithridates dedicated by Caesar's rival Pompey. Perhaps more personal to Caesar were six collections of engraved gems. It is not known where or how Caesar obtained these six collections. The new temple was inaugurated in the same day as the Trajan's Column, on May 12, 113, as attested by an inscription in the Fasti Ostienses. [4] This original dedication was done because she was Pompey's favourite goddess, and Caesar hoped to gain the goddess's favour before the battle against Pompey. Caesar used his great wealth accumulated from the conquest of Gaul to purchase a large portion of land contiguous with the Forum, along the Capitoline Hill slopes (Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 4.16.8).The back end of the forum butted up against the tuff ridge that connected the Quirinal Hill to the Capitoline Hill, removed in the construction of the Forum of Trajan (probably under Domitian). Caesar decided to construct a forum bearing his name in the northeast section of the Forum Romanum, and purchased some very expensive parcels of land in that area (the final cost was said to be 100,000,000 sesterces). The Forum of Caesar also had an effect on the Curia, which Caesar began to reconstruct in 44 BC. About Forum of Caesar. on the spot where Caesar was cremated. [2] On the eve of the Battle of Pharsalus in 48, Caesar vowed a temple to Venus Victrix, the legendary progenitor of his own clan, the gens Iulia. The Forum of Caesar, also known by the Latin Forum Iulium or Forum Julium, Forum Caesaris,[1] was a forum built by Julius Caesar near the Forum Romanum in Rome in 46 BC. Temple and forum were dedicated on the last day of Caesar’s great triumph, 26th September, 46 B.C., although the forum was not finished by Caesar, but by Octavianus after the dictator’s death. The construction of the new Curia was in fact approved by the Senate only at the start of the year 44 BC, two years from the inauguration of the Forum and Caesar’s date of death, who probably not even saw the start of it. Regarding the porch, columns and steps which are now, is a restoration of 1934. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forum_of_Caesar&oldid=985512607, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, High-resolution 360° Panoramas and Images of, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 11:25. According to a widely accepted legend, ancient Rome was founded by brothers Romulus and Remus in 753 B.C. Caesar also placed a statue of his favourite horse in front of the temple. ft. CAESARS FORUM conference center is the newest addition to the Caesars Entertainment family. Trajan, following the orographic levelling between the Quirinale and the Campidoglio that emptied a large area next to Venus’s temple, inserted between this and the Clivus Argentarius, a colonnade with two naves, with brick pillars connected by vaults, that represented a kind of extension of the occidental colonnades of the same forum, identified with the Basilica Argentaria, cited by the Region Catalogues. The need to renew the most ancient administrative and law structures and to adapt them to the city’s new dimension was the pretext that Julius Caesar used to finish a brilliant initiative of self-representation by creating one of the biggest architectural complexes of that time, connecting it to his name and to the one of his family: The Giulia’s. Additional Info. The ten tabernae located on the western side of the Forum and its now close approximation to the Senate house symbolized the unity that Caesar felt between himself and the Senate. The location of the Forum of Caesar with the centers of power of ancient Rome (the Forum and the Curia), as well as symbols of authority (compared with Alexander the Great, the relationship with the gods), had a clear ideological role. Zlib compression disabled. The statue of Venus Genetrix by Arcesilas, which Caesar set up, in foro Caesaris, was probably in the cella of the temple. Not much senatorial business took place in the Forum afterwards, except for the secretarium senatus in the 4th century. Plinius the Old, tells us about the existence of a real art gallery inside the Forum that included paintings of the best Greek painters in addition to the many sculpture masterpieces and art objects. Facing the square basement had two sources. The forum was burned in 283 A.D. and restored by Diocletian. Work was probably begun in 51, during Caesar’s absence in Gaul. The Area before the Forums (12th-9th Century B.C., Ancient Burials and Artifacts). FORUM OF CAESAR A NEW JOURNEY THROUGH THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT ROME. Diocletian restored the forum after a fire in 283 A.D.[2], In the sixteenth century, excavations unearthed the travertine and tufa foundations of the Temple of Venus Genetrix, as well as remains of columns and frieze. [2][8] In the time of Hadrian, and perhaps earlier, a fountain with three basins connected by low walls was set in front of the temple, with a statue of the Empress Vibia Sabina placed on a base adjacent to it.[4]. In the forum Caesar allowed the erection of a statue of himself wearing a cuirass, and he himself dedicated a statue of his horse with ‘humanis similes pedes priores’, on which the dictator was mounted. Welcome to Caesars Rewards, the casino industry's most popular loyalty program! [9] In the plaza, a statue of Tiberius was set up by fourteen cities of Asia Minor to honor the relief he sent them after earthquakes in 17 and 23 A.D.[2], Following the reigns of Caesar and Augustus, a total reconstruction of the Forum took place, headed by the Roman Emperor Domitian. [citation needed]. [7], In the plaza of the forum, Caesar allowed a statue of himself wearing a cuirass to be set up, and also set up an equestrian statue of himself seated on a horse with feet carved like those of a human, according to Pliny the Elder.