The common cultivated rice plant is an annual which usually grows to a height of half a metre to two metres but there are certain varieties that grow much taller (6-9 metres). NCERT P Bahadur IIT-JEE Previous Year Narendra Awasthi MS Chauhan. Roughly one-half of the world population, including virtually all of East and Southeast Asia, is wholly dependent upon rice as a staple food; 95 percent of the world’s rice crop is eaten by humans. It is a wetland crop, which extensively grows all over the worlds. Hulling of the paddy is usually accomplished by pestle and mortar worked by hand, foot, or water power. Following are a list of plants and their botanical names. esculentum), broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. indica: Taxonomy navigation › Oryza sativa. Common name: Rice flower . The growth duration of the rice plant is 3-6 months, depending on the variety and the environment under which it is grown. Solanum lycopersicum is tomato. Oryza sativa is the scientific name for Asian rice species most commonly used in the U.S.There are many natural varieties of rice based on the natural environment in which they evolved or adapted. Both the generic and specific names are written or underlined separately CROPS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME-----BOTANICAL NAME-----FAMILY NAME 1. Other common names for this species include White Dogwood, Pill Flower and Sago Bush. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A MODERN HERBAL Home Page, © Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com. The bud from a single rhizome node can give rise to 350 shoots in 6 weeks, which can cover up to 4 m² in 11 weeks (Eussen, 1980). Text Solution. Plant classification has additional groupings that animal classification does not. Parboiled white rice is specially processed before milling to retain most of the nutrients, and enriched rice has iron and B vitamins added to it. Rice, edible starchy cereal grain and the plant by which it is produced. Maize Zea mays L. 4. Improvements are slowly taking place. • Botanical name of the common paddy is Oryza sativa. Ask your question. Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as wheat and corn.Rice grain is rich in nutrients, vitamins, and minerals and is the staple food for more than 3 billion people. The panicle, or inflorescence (flower cluster), is made up of spikelets bearing flowers that produce the fruit, or grain. Leptocorisa acuta(Thunberg) can be found on many crop plants in the family Poaceae (grasses), especially rice, and is a reported pest of economic significance in rice-producing countries like India, Australia, and China (Schaefer and Panizzi 2000). These varieties refer to the length and shape of the grain. spp. Sorghum Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench 5. Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. 200+ VIEWS. The straw is used for feed, livestock bedding, roof thatching, mats, garments, packing material, and broomstraws. Maize Zea mays L. 4. rice, wheat, chickpea, mustard, jute etc. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS 12. For the sake of jollof rice we need to talk about how teachers in African schools keep telling their students the botanical name of rice is Oryza Sativa while actually there are 2 species of rice & the one indigenous to Africans is the Oryza glaberrima aka African rice. The flour procured from the seeds is called Oryzae Farina, or rice flour, commonly known as ground rice. In the sentence, 'Ike spent time with his spouse at the Botanic Garden' the identified nouns are 'Ike', 'spouse' and 'Botanic Garden'. Botanical Description of Rice Botany. Oil is processed from the bran for both food and industrial uses. The yield of milled rice is dependent on the size and shape of the grain, the degree of ripeness, and the extent of exposure to the sun. Others are tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum), eggplants (Solanum melongena var. Mungbean Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek 8. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. List of Kerala herbal plant manufactures, Sellers and Exporters A-Z list of Medicinal plants in Sanskrit Names Click to find the list of Medicinal plants name in Sanskrit names in the alphabetic order By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Medium Grain Rice- When compared to long grain rice, medium … Other botanical names use a combination of Latin and a person’s name, usually a scientist or the individual who discovered the plant. The milling methods used in most of Asia remain fairly primitive, but large mills operate in Japan and some other areas. This is a crop which belongs to the family Graminae. Carolina: The name originally used for pudding rice as an early source for this rice was America. Rice Oryza sativa L. 2. Furthermore, most botanical names use Latin to describe certain characteristics of that particular species. Generally, only the genus and species are of importance to small scale cultivation. Botanical names of Jowar and Rice are respectively 4.7k LIKES. Rice substitute. David Beaulieu Scientific Plant Names, O-P . Botany of Paddy Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world and it is the staple food for over 2.7 billion people. Rice that is processed to remove only the husks, called brown rice, contains about 8 percent protein and small amounts of fats and is a source of thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, iron, and calcium. Bread wheat Triticum aestivum L. 3. Favorite Answer. 200+ SHARES. Books. It is probably indigenous to China, and certainly to India, where the wild form grows by tanks, ditches and rivers. Rice that is milled to remove the bran as well is called white rice and is greatly diminished in nutrients. Rice starch may be used medicinally and in other ways in place of wheat starch. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. the botanical name for rice is Oryza Sativa. The kernels of the various cereal grains differ in size and shape, but their structure is similar. In India, area under rice is 44.6 m ha with total output of 80 million tonnes (paddy) with an average productivity of 1855 kg/ha. Ozothamnus diosmifolius, or Rice Flower, is an erect shrub to 2 metres high which is native to New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION-Th e rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) is a member of Gramineae family. We enlist the botanical names of 54 crops which include cereals, legumes, root crops, fiber crops, oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, beverage crops, medicinal crops, vegetables, fruit crops and ornamental crops . A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. Scientific name i: Oryza sativa subsp. Bushes 'n Shrubs. They generally employ modern milling techniques and rely on controlled drying plants instead of on sun drying. It may be acidulated with lime-juice and sweetened with sugar. • Field where paddy is cultivated is called paddy field. However, it is important to understand how plants are classified on all levels and how they relate to other plants. Plants are classified in several different ways. The specific name starts with a small letter. ii. Carolina and Patna rice are the most esteemed in England and the United States. Orzo is a processed food that is shaped like a large grain of rice. A. Triticum aestivum and Sorghum vulgare. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Rice UC ANR Publication 3465. Wheat species ( worldwide) 1. A few years ago the injurious habit of chewing the raw white grains was practised by fashionable women and girls to produce a white velvety complexion. Rice yields vary considerably, ranging from 700 to 4,000 kilograms per hectare (600 to 3,500 pounds per acre). This may also be used as an enema in affections of the bowels. Rice, (Oryza sativa), edible starchy cereal grain and the grass plant (family Poaceae) by which it is produced. Nipponanthemum nipponicum is the tongue-twister of a botanical name for the Montauk daisy. Latin name of some crops. Even More Info: Garden Recipes. The importance... A farmer using a water buffalo to plow a terraced rice paddy in Yunnan Province, China. Relevance. 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