Both genders also have dark tails, but males have forked tails while females’ tails are straight. Amazilia violiceps, White-eared This list is presented in IOC taxonomic sequence and is also sortable alphabetically by common name and binomial name. Species Listed by State and Province . Males have dark green bodies with brighter blue gorgets and violet crowns. Selasphorus sasin, See photos, hummingbird size, distribution and features, Anna’s Scientific name: Hylocharis leucotisRange in North America: Rare summer visitor to west Texas and year-round resident in southeastern Arizona. Hummingbirds are among the smallest types of birds and can only be found naturally in the Americas. Hummingbirds are so small that its smallest species weighs less than a penny. The black-chinned hummingbird is one of the most common western hummingbirds. Females are plainer with bright green upperparts and grayish-white underparts. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Females also have spotting on the throat. Melissa Mayntz has been a birder and wild bird enthusiast for 30+ years. She has over 16 years experience writing about wild birds for magazines and websites. A closer look, however, reveals that broad-tailed hummingbirds have a rufous patch in their tails that ruby-throats lack. They will regularly come to nectar feeders, particularly early in the spring because of their early migration. The range of these two types of hummingbirds does not overlap. These hummingbirds are common in backyards and regularly visit nectar feeders, where they will flip and fan their tails while feeding. Costa’s hummingbirds are distinctive for the males’ bright purple or pinkish crown and gorget that extends into sharp points at the sides of the throat. Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern U.S. as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. At 5-5.25 inches in length, this is one of the largest hummingbirds in North America. They also eat many insects, often hawking to catch prey in flight. Females have similar coloration and markings but are duller overall. They are solitary and can be fiercely territorial, and they will stake out hummingbird … The face is marked by a white whisker and a white line behind the eyes, and a white patch is also visible on the back and at the base of the wings. This desert hummingbird prefers areas with plentiful agave and ocotillo plants, though they can also be found along the fringes of mountain canyons. Scientific name: Amazilia beryllinaRange in North America: Rare summer visitor to southeastern Arizona and western Texas, with a few birds sighted annually though nesting is unusual in this range. Summer ranges may extend slightly further north when populations are high. These are fiercely territorial birds and rufous hummingbirds will regularly dive at and chase intruders near their nests or preferred feeding sites. Interesting Facts About the Hummingbird . Both genders have a strongly bicolored bill that is red with a black tip, but males’ bills show ​redder. They can be aggressive birds and will chase other hummingbirds away from feeders. They will also nest regularly in backyards. Male and female birds look similar, though females are slightly duller. Scientific name: Lampornis clemenciaeRange in North America: Uncommon summer visitor to common summer resident in extreme southeastern Arizona and western Texas. 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