Harland and Wolff provided the backdrop for one of the most powerful plays ever to have been written about Belfast — Sam Thompson’s "Over the Bridge," which exposed the cynical exploitation of sectarianism and its use in keeping workers divided during a labor dispute. The yard built its last ship in 2003 - a Ministry of Defence ferry called the Anvil Point. 159 YEARS OF OFFSHORE AND MARITIME ENGINEERING. .css-gw44ni-IconContainer{display:inline-block;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}playWhat does Ethiopia's Tigray crisis mean for the region? Sir Edward is said to have replied: "There are 10,000 workers in Harland and Wolff and only 300 Catholics. The firm was nationalised in 1975 with the Northern Ireland Office minister Stan Orme describing the business as having "a sorry financial record". When Sam Thompson's play Over the Bridge was first performed in 1960, it prompted a storm of protest - for its portrayal of the shipyard as a Protestant workplace for Protestant people. The Irish coastline is a visible reminder of the potential of wave and wind energy. They were heavily unionised and well paid by local standards. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. However, staff at the yard are still calling for government intervention and have vowed to stay on site and continue their protest. Before we offer some pointers to a possible programme for defending the jobs, it is useful to make an honest account both of the company’s history and the environmental impact of the shipping industry. "When you think that Harland and Wolff holds the record for ship production in World War Two, it proves that we did do our bit," says former shipyard worker and author, Tom McCluskie. Its workforce was the aristocracy of the city’s working class. The workers are calling for nationalisation which is the right demand but it needs to take account of ecological realities as well. In 1920 Catholics and socialists were violently driven out of Harland and Wolff in a foretaste of the large-scale sectarian violence which was part of the creation of the six-county state. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh: What were the motives behind his killing? The experienced Harland & Wolff team is ideally positioned to support the full lifecycle needs of the maritime and offshore industries. Catholics were denied all access to the permanent unionised jobs for much of the 19th and 20th century and the workforce was frequently involved in large scale sectarian violence against unskilled, casual Catholic labourers who were allowed to work in the nearby docks. From the Ground Up – the Climate Movement Gets in Shape for COP26. Posted on 8th August 2019 // Ireland / Trade Unions // 0 Comments. Hundreds of apprentices marched into Harland & Wolff's yard and ordered out Catholics and socialists, kicking them and pelting them with rivets. He adds that the firm's management was "slow at addressing community difficulties". Video. www.resistancebooks.org. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Harland and Wolff: Administrators appointed to shipyard firm, Harland and Wolff shipyard crisis 'is a commercial issue', Sydney records hottest November night on record. The union response has been abysmal. HOW WE WORK. © 2020 BBC. Unite issued a statement calling for the yard to be given work refitting aircraft carriers, building frigates and assembling submarines for the British navy’s imperialist adventures. Your email address will not be published. The shipyard's contribution to the British war effort also made Belfast docks a key target for German bombers. Another worker said a colleague asked if he was a Protestant and when he said no, he was ordered out of the shipyard by a gunman. Dan La Botz and Fainan Lakha, both from the DSA discuss the meaning of Trump's defeat for the left. Serbia coronavirus: The Church losing its leaders to the pandemic. The Australian city recorded a minimum overnight temperature of 25.4C. By that stage it was still employing about 10,000 people. £15. The last liner that the company launched was MV Arlanza for Royal Mail Line in 1960, whilst the last liner completed was SS Canberra for P&O in 1961. Later on Tuesday, an insolvency request is expected to be filed at the High Court in Belfast, marking the end of a chapter of the city's industrial heritage. He was a Shankill Rd man who signed the Ulster Covenant, but he was never what you would call 'anti-Catholic' per say. But it has also faced longstanding financial problems and over the decades about £1bn of taxpayers' money has been pumped into Harland and Wolff to keep it afloat. It was once one of Northern Ireland's biggest employers and the engine room of its economy. The firm survived two world wars; the partition of Ireland; the Troubles and the sinking of its most famous product. The workforce peaked in the post-war years, but by the late 1950s, the yard was facing increased global competition and the impact of the rise of air travel. Renewables. With the rise of the jet-powered airliner in the late 1950s, the demand for ocean liners declined. Since then it has worked on other areas of marine engineering such as oil rig refurbishment and offshore wind turbines. Oil & Gas. The sectarian strife inside Harland and Wolff "reflected what was going on in society," according to retired trade unionist Tom Gillen. A future based on building more vessels to create more ecological damage is not sustainable. About 1,000 people were killed during the Belfast Blitz of 1941, with Harland and Wolff among the buildings that were hit by the Luftwaffe. Ethiopian PM claims capture of Tigray capital. Read about our approach to external linking. £10. In 1920 Catholics and socialists were violently driven out of Harland and Wolff in a foretaste of the large-scale sectarian violence which was part of the creation of the six-county state. By Eric Toussaint, Preface by Michael Roberts. That was the start of more than 30 years of subsidies. VideoWhat does Ethiopia's Tigray crisis mean for the region? Pub. In 1886 an estimated 1000 shipwrights attacked and drove away Catholic navvies. The yard is now owned by Dolphin Drilling and is in the hands of administrators. In 1920 Catholics and socialists were violently driven out of Harland and Wolff in a foretaste of the large-scale sectarian violence which was part of the creation of the six-county state. The firm's workforce was overwhelmingly Protestant and some Catholic staff were subjected to … politics as part of what had the potential to be a fascist coup. Liverpool: How one city took on the Covid crisis. It would better if it wasn’t made or shipped at all. Fifty years later, as the Troubles took hold in Northern Ireland, Catholic workers complained of intimidation inside the shipyard. Cruise & Ferry . At one stage in 1966, the management went to the old Stormont government and pleaded for a subsidy because it did not have enough money to cover the next pay day. 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