Figure 8 illustrates what is involved in the pre-design phase, starting with identifying the purpose of the structure: The client should prepare a project brief that includes the safety requirements and objectives for the project. This includes training needed at any stage of the structure, plant or substance’s lifecycle. The design should include technical provisions for: Health and safety amenity aspects such as ventilation, lighting, Legionella controls, sanitary facilities and damp and weatherproofing measures should also be covered. Is access to the plant necessary when installing, using and maintaining the plant or in an emergency? Guarding options, for example, include fixed enclosures, adjustable enclosures, interlocked barriers, and presence-sensing devices. Designers should be aware of the factors contributing to human error when designing plant including: When designing plant, designers should assess the risk of reasonably foreseeable misuse by users, and incorporate appropriate control measures into their design. Main and Ward identify three methods to ensure better design safety which should be familiar to most safety and health professionals: including safety professionals in the design development (concurrent engineering), discrete safety design reviews, and educating designers in safety. Should tell manufacturer/ constructor of any faults they become aware of that may create health and safety risks. A team should be made up of capable people with a variety of different skills and knowledge, and should include workers who will use the structure, plant or substance. Core principles of CPTED 3. Where can I find WorkSafe's guidance and advice about COVID-19? For example, positioning air-conditioning units and lift plant at ground level, designing inward opening windows, and integrating window cleaning bays or gangways into the structural frame, designing features to avoid dirt or moisture traps, designing and positioning permanent anchorage and hoisting points into structures where maintenance needs to be completed at height, designing safe access (such as stairways or fixed ladders) and enough space to complete structure maintenance activities, eliminating or minimising the need for entry into confined spaces, using long-life components such as LED lighting that don’t require frequent replacement. Does the change impact on the design intent? Practice Safety by Design Make safety a priority at the design stage. Risk identification should be done as early as possible in the concept development and design phases. Having worker representatives is one way for workers to participate. They noted: "Although design safety should not be left solely to one individual, design safety would improve if design engineers knew more about hazard identification, elimination, and control.". Lighting, fear and crime 5. When designing plant, designers should consider the range of physical and intellectual characteristics of likely users. The approvals are given by the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). Where user error is likely, higher order control measures such as elimination or substitution should be incorporated into the design. This applies for matters that are within their ability to influence or control. Designers should also consider predictable human behaviour. You may need to use multiple control measures to adequately deal with a given risk. An upstream PCBU’s duties are important because they can influence the health and safety of products and structures before they’re used at work. Designs or redesigns should be continually monitored and adjusted to adapt to changes in the workplace. Safety by design reduces exposure to product liability, lawsuits, and product recall campaigns. Does the change impact on the design risk register? consult with end user representatives in pre-design or early design phases, choose designers, contractors or consultants who are proven and able to deliver key Health and Safety by Design principles, ensure that Health and Safety by Design expectations (evidence, standards, documents, communications etc) are included in procurement and contract processes, choose materials and products based on Health and Safety by Design considerations. While Sygate provides limited firewall protection, I"ve also installed special security software (eSafe, www.esafe.com/) and turned off file sharing on my Internet gateway. You should focus on the most effective control measures for the risks. The information is then made available to pilots, air traffic controllers and flight planners via the Internet. The intrinsically hazardous properties of a substance may be unavoidable, if they are integral to the function of the substance at work. availability of support, help or emergency equipment outside normal work hours. These changes were required in order to incorporate the shallow manhole and associated steeply graded pipe and high velocity flows. 29-Oct-15/ SAFE BY DESIGN PRINCIPLES 2 What is Safe by Design? So before considering applying a widely used control measure, consider whether it will be effective in managing the risk in your situation (eg when working at height, will using mobile work platforms, rather than step ladders, more effectively minimise the risk?). Observation mode (trolley panel infills lifted and secured in place): Prevents access to moving parts on an operating machine. These people may include: 1. designers 2. hazards resulting from a combination of the above. The Building Code refers to New Zealand and Australia/New Zealand Standards, but designers should be aware that these may not adequately manage risks. how close the structure is to nearby properties or roads, special clearances needed for construction equipment, existing structures that may need to be   demolished. Identify solutions from regulations, good practice guidance and recognised standards. begin with general concepts that cover the, look at the key principles of Health and Safety by Design. These guidelines are based on guidance produced by Safe Work Australia.1. specific people, keeping in mind that the people using the plant may change over time.