Psychoanalytic Theory of Thinking. “Critical thinking is thinking about your thinking, while you’re thinking, in order to make your thinking better.” Richard Paul CTP Stage 6: The Idea Refinement Stage Develop an action plan to implement the best solutions Describe in detail how you will apply the solution to the problem Explain the who, what, when, where, how & why Consider sources of assistance & resistance to your plan • Plan & elaborate: Emergent thinking Bruner’s Theory 4. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss and examine the Nursing Theorist, Patricia Brenner, and her nursing theory: From Novice to Expert. At the final stage of development, the master thinker's critical thinking skills are automatic. ADVERTISEMENTS: The process of the development of thinking has been studied by psychologists and a number of theories have been advanced. “Critical thinking is skilful, responsible thinking that is conducive to good judgement because it is sensitive to context, relies on criteria, and is self-correcting.” Mathew Lipman! DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS:EXPLORATION OF THEORY AND PRACTICE Piaget’s Theory 2. First, we must understand that there are stages required for development as a critical thinker: Stage One: The Unreflective Thinker (we are unaware of significant problems in our thinking) Stage Two: The Challenged Thinker (we become aware of problems in our thinking) Piaget’s Theory: The Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget, using his own children as […] Patricia Brenner's theory explains how a nurse develops a sense of intuition in their practice and develops their critical thinking skills as a nurse (Blum, 2010). The theories are: 1. Sullivan’s Concept of Modes of Thinking 3. Basic method/process The generic process Slide 29 Critical reflective questions: reflective Reflexive questions Postmodern/deconstructive Critical questions Stage 2 questions Critical incident The ethcal learning climate of “critical acceptance”(Safe climate to enable challenge) An example of critical … 1.