In a footnote which appears at pages 105-106 of Anthropologie structurale deux, Lévi-Strauss dismisses with contempt a criticism I had made of his earlier discussions of l'atome de parenté. To form a party, the player must click on the "Form Party" button in the party interface. There are options to change the floor number and complexity level, and another to toggle Guide … Leach Edmund Ronald. He accuses me of failing to check my references in that, in alleging that he had confused the concepts of filiation and descent (Leach 1970: 101), I had relied on an erroneous text and had failed to notice that where Lévi-Strauss had originally written filiation his translator (Claire Jacobson) had written descent. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. As a last example, let us add the father’s sister of the above nuclear family, and hence describe what Lévi-Strauss called the atom of kinship, that is the minimal social unit from which kinship system types can be extrapolated: As evidence that Claire Jacobson's translation is, broadly speaking, correct. As in the atom devised by Levi-Strauss, the mother's brother is "initially present"-not primarily as a wife-giver but as ego's original father, as his mother's mythic "first hus- band." It is one of the basic social institutions found in every society. This is precisely the point that I wished to convey in my condensed 1970 criticism : Lévi-Strauss' original text confuses under a single term {filiation in the French text and descent in English translation) two quite separate technical anthropological concepts which are, in English, filiation and descent. Kinship is one of the main organizing principles of society. Close attention to the text shows that in most cases this is a correct anthropological interpretation of what Lévi-Strauss originally wrote though there are certainly some points at which it would have been more appropriate to translate the French filiation by English filiation. Once the party is formed, the player may invite other players to the party or leave the party (so others can invite the player). But it is not a completely balanced one, since in practice Godelier devotes the greater part of his book to systems of marriage and their associated terminologies rather than look-ing at relationships of filiation or descent. In Levi-Strauss' order of things, the basic building block of kinship is not just the nuclear family, as in structural-functionalism, but the so-called kinship atom: the nuclear family together with the wife's brother. It has a Royal Patron in the person of HRH The Duke of Gloucester KG, GCVO. I2j-i2g. It is now available in translation in the two English language editions of that work. within the ‘atom of kinship’. Kinship terminology, in anthropology, the system of names applied to categories of kin standing in relationship to one another. . In both French versions of the article the word filiation appears rather frequently. Select the purchase brother. The Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (RAI) is the world's longest-established scholarly association dedicated to the furtherance of anthropology (the study of humankind) in its broadest and most inclusive sense. relations of kinship); his is not a theory about the function(s) of cross-cousin mar- riage in a special type or types of society, much less a theory that would deny the va- lidity of the many ethnographic reports of rules of marriage between particular types of kin. This term is consistently translated by Claire Jacobson as English descent. More information: Katherine L. Stene et al, Measuring the quality of care in kinship foster care placements, Children and Youth Services Review (2020).DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105136 The matter is not so simple and fairness both to myself and to Claire Jacobson calls for further clarification. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The article entitled "Réflexions sur l'atome de parenté" (Lévi-Strauss 1973) first appeared in L'Homme, 1973, XIII (3), and was reprinted in the same year as Chapter vu of Anthropologie structurale deux. The atom of kinship as conceived by Levi-Strauss (I963a) is a small group consisting ofthe four relations, brother/sister, husband/wife, father/son and mother's brother/sister's son (hereafter labelled as M/U, F/M, F/S and U/S) which express the fundamental relations of consanguinity, affinity (including the exchange of women by men) and filiation in a kinship system. How the atom of kinship relates to a sy stem of kin-ship relations e xpressed t hrough a ki nship termi nology i s not considere d, and in fact it. Published By: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The possibilities for such nomenclature would seem limitless, but anthropologists have identified a small number of basic systems that are found in all world societies. Others have tried to do something similar, but none so thoroughly. pp. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. The Institute is a non-profit-making registered charity and is entirely independent, with a Director and a small staff accountable to the Council, which in turn is elected annually from the Fellowship. 127-129. All Rights Reserved. GILLIAN GILLISON. To access this article, please, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Kinship: Meaning, Types and Other Details! With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. The Atom of Kinship, Filiation and Descent : Error in Translation or Confusion of Ideas ?. In contrast to previous analyses of the atom of kinship as a signed graph in which the ideal combinations of relations are predicted from the theory of structural balance, this article suggests a context in which the group is more appropriately conceived as a directed graph whose properties of transitivity and hierarchy are predicted on the basis of the political structure of the society. GILLIAN GILLISON is an anthropologist residing in New York. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Chapter 11 of the English language Structural Anthropology (1963) is a translation of the latter. In numerous analyses of myth, Levi-Strauss tried to examine the unconscious universal patterning of human thought. The possibilities for such nomenclature would seem limitless, but anthropologists have identified a small number of basic systems that are found in all world societies. Claims it is only found in its uncontaminated form in "primitive" society. In: L'Homme, 1977, tome 17 n°2-3. option. All kinship structures are constructed on this “kinship atom,” primarily by the organization of a series of oppositions between attitudes of familiarity and reserve. Man In the details mentioned below, the 1945 and 1958 versions are the same. Request Permissions. DOI : https://doi.org/10.3406/hom.1977.367757, www.persee.fr/doc/hom_0439-4216_1977_num_17_2_367757. Search for more papers by this author. THE ATOM OF KINSHIP, FILIATION AND DESCENTS ERROR IN TRANSLATION OR CONFUSION OF IDEAS? The resulting kinship system “does not consist in the objective ties of descent or consanguinity between individuals. GILLIAN GILLISON. The same article, in revised form, appeared as Chapter 11 of Anthropologie structurale (1958). Each party of players is linked by a ring of kinship which allows the player to form, join, and manage a party. The analysis is therefore pertinent both to the anthropological analysis of the structure of kinship behaviour and the contextualisation of social psychological models of attitudinal consistency. L'Homme, avr.-sept. 1977, XVII (2-3), pp. As in the atom devised by Levi-Strauss, the mother's brother is "initially present"-not primarily as a wife-giver but as ego's original father, as his mother's mythic "first hus-band." The atom of kinship I attempt to formulate for the Gimi is a set of ego-centered relations that are both social and psychological, both actual and fantasied. 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