This throws a wrench of doubt into the machine of the probable genealogy of plants, such are the ways of science. Wild Garden Kales – Survived 10F lows in Eugene, Oregon 2006. Result of crosses between B. napus and B. rapa, made to create a more hardy salad green. The leaves form a rosette that is similar to that is similar to turnip greens, but the root is not tuberous. – Source: 2006 PSR; 2015 Adaptive Seeds. It took a few pronunciation tries and a quick Google search to figure out that “Sypirian” was “Siberian.”). It should remain a little wet. acephala (kale/collard) crossing with the B. napa ssp. Silver green foliage overlain with bright red on the stems and leaf joints. Garden Seed Inventory 6th Edition (GSI6), 2004, Seed Savers Exchange  – Information for varieties of napus kales, mixed up with the oleracea kale section. Pests such as aphids can zero in on kale when stressed. Learn how your comment data is processed. B. napus can be crossed with other brassica species however this must be done with hand bud pollination before the flowers have opened. – Source: 1998 PSR not currently commercially available. Yield: Biointensive – 114#/100 sq. – Source: 2004 Bo19, Hig, La1, Sau, WI23; 2006 baker creek, Frilly Kale – Salt Spring Seeds claims this is Brassica oleracea kale but also claims that it is a sport of Russian Kale. Seedlings appear normal for the first month, then start producing green leaves so frilly along their edges that they resemble curly parsley. To control weeds and grasses, use a burn program to benefit establishment. They are hardy to at least 10°F once established and some sources claim them to be hardy to -10°F and maybe -20°F. A fast growing, cold hardy, Siberian kale that is said to actually be a rape. Broad thick plume-like blue gray green leaves with slightly frilled edges. This disease is virulent once established and extremely difficult to eradicate. – 2018 Rye Ramble. Culinary Uses: The Leaf is eaten in Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter (for best flavor). Origin: Bred by Tim Peters, Peters Seed & Research, Riddle, Oregon. Control with Insecticidal soap, hot pepper wax, a hard spray of water. The Forage that is produced may contain 18-20% crude protein. The plants prefers sandy/light, loamy/medium or clay/heavy soils. Combines the broadleaf frills of ‘Siberian’ with the color of ‘Red Russian’. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. You’re more likely to find dinosaur, Tuscan, or cavolo negro kale (all the same thing) at a natural food store chain than the old-fashioned curly kale. Napus kales are super hardy winter survivalists. Flat leaf with toothed edges. Mince the garlic cloves. Stir to combine, and cook until the kale is slightly wilted. Some of the seed sources below are outdated and should be used for historical reference. Add 2 to 3 garlic cloves, sliced thin, and sauté until soft and aromatic. Heat the sesame seed oil in the skillet over medium-low heat. It has great cold hardiness that makes grazing or harvesting late into the fall possible. Non heading 12-16 in leaves. 1 large bunch of red Russian kale, washed, stems removed and roughly chopped, Sea salt and freshly ground pepper, to taste. Stems and veins are red/purple and the leaves are deep gray/green. Soil and Fertility: All kales are fairly heavy feeders, however they tolerate low fertility better than other brassicas (like cabbage and cauliflower). rapifera (turnip). It has some variation, a few white-stemmed plants and some broadleaf types, but mostly with a classic Red Russian theme. – Source: 2006 PSR, Dwarf Siberian (German Sprouts) – 60-70 days. This oil can be used as a luminant, lubricant, in soap making, fuel for diesel engines etc. Classification Information for Brassica napus ssp. Temperature Requirements: Cold temperatures below (-4°C) may either kill or injure seedlings. The application of agricultural lime is advised if the soil is naturally acidic, as it tends to be in the pacific northwest. Cover and cook for about 10 minutes or until kale is soft and tender. Thankyou very much for the excellent article! Add 1 tablespoon of water to the pan and … Seed Sowing and Transplanting: Spring – Sow indoors in march then transplant when the soil can be worked. pabularis or pabularia and are grown for their leaves that may resemble those of the European kales (B. oleracea).