Though Germany began the war by invading Poland, Italy did not enter the war until June 1940, and then with the principal aim of taking over British and French colonies in North Africa. After defeating German and Italian forces in North Africa, Allied troops crossed over to Sicily in July 1943 and took the island in thirty-nine days. The Italian campaigns in North Africa and Greece turned into quagmires that required Germany's intervention. It was the League of Nations that drove Mussolini into the arms of Germany . Italy joined World War II as an ally of Germany in 1940, at the behest of its fascist prime minister, Benito Mussolini, which greatly expanded the geographical scope of the war. Italy did join the war on June 10th 1940. Italy signed their pact with Nazi Germany on 22 May 1939. Soon German and Italian armies were battling Allied troops on several fronts. Mussolini invaded Abyssinia on October 3 1935 . However, they did not declare war on Britain and France until 10 June 1940. After the World War 2 Italy did have a democratic type of government. While Mussolini understood that peace was essential to Italy’s well-being, that a long war might prove disastrous, and that he must not “march blindly with the Germans,” he was beset by concerns that the Germans “might do good business cheaply” and that by not intervening on their side in World War II he would lose his “part of the booty.” What really cemented relations between Mussolini and Hitler was the Spanish Civil War , it culminated in the Rome - Berlin Axis Agreement of September 1937 , a fascist alliance that would have profound effects on WW2 . Why? Victory in Europe day, or VE day as it is more commonly known, was celebrated by the whole of Britain, and 8 … When did Italy join World War 2? Role in World War II. France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK, US. 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