Bark can be furrowed (cottonwood), scaly (sycamore), peeling (hickory), smooth (beech), shiny (cherry), papery (birch) or warty (hackberry). Tree bark is a defence against herbivores, insects and parasitic plants. These are actually gaps in the bark's outer layers, called the rhytidome. Look at the bark. In winter, a blue sky day is the ideal time to appreciate trees, both native and exotic, with ornamental bark. 6. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. So the next time you're out in nature, take a closer look at the trees around you. Aspens and sycamores are examples of the types of trees that have smooth bark. This article focuses on trees with very smooth bark. Although at first glance, trees may seem like an interchangeable mix of muted grays and browns, there's more to that forest rainbow. In some cases, Wojtech says, the trees' wood is growing faster than the bark surrounding it, so it pushes outward against the bark. Depending on the species of oak, the bark becomes light gray (white oak species) or very dark, almost black (red oak species). Glance at a tree and you no doubt first look at its leaves. Zones 4 to 9. 3. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with âtigerâ stripes; â¦ 17. If a tree has very rough bark, take a look at its ridges and furrows. Others, like the Northern red oak above, have uninterrupted ridges. Zones 2 to 6. But you can also identify trees by looking at their bark. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great potâ¦ Oak Tree Bark. 28. Zones 4 to 9. the bark of red oak is light grey, smooth and shiny . 14. 7. Whether peeling, patchy, colorful, shiny or dull, bark is an asset. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. 2. This specimen stands out for its weeping habit and the light-gray, almost white color of its bark. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? Including one or more trees with showy bark in your garden will help create a landscape with year-round interest. The texture of bark, and thus the lichen communities, can change during the lifetime of a tree. Hire an expert landscaping contractor. These trees bloom in the spring and in their youngest stage will have smooth, dark green bark. 15. Similarly, the Hercules club (also known as the toothache tree) grows wart-like tubercles on its bark. Silver Birch â Betula pendula. Bark: Comparatively smooth, reddish brown. Other times, you can recognize a tree by its flowers. Young trees sometimes have smooth bark that's unbroken by ridges. There are all sorts of interesting shapes and sizes, and often people will learn to recognize a species based on its leaf fingerprint. Often this will change as the trees age, Wojtech says. Furthermore, many beech tree trunks are â¦ These trees produce cone-like fruit with a narrow shape and red-brown scales, and the needle-like leaves are arranged in spirals, lying flat along the shoots. Learn how to make a shade tree â¦ 16. Rainbow Colored Trees Grow Over 200 Feet Tall (Video), 10 Remarkably Useful Plants You Can Find in the Wild, 11 of the Most Endangered Trees in America. Trees have many variations in their bark -- color, texture, thickness, etc. 18. Oak Tree Leaves Lacebark elm: (Ulmus parvifolia) The bark of the lacebark elm sheds to reveal a patchwork of red, brown, green and gray. The Ponderosa pine, above, for example, smells like butterscotch or vanilla. Often, varying bark textures can be admired on the same tree, and this adds a most attractive and stunning character during winter. Long, cool autumns yield the best leaf display; sudden frosts following warm, humid fall weather often freeze leaves while theyre still green, ruining the show. As the tallest eastern hardwood tree, Yellow Poplars can grow to over 160 feet tall in â¦ The characteristics of sand hickory trees are shiny pinnate leaves with pointed leaflets and small edible drupes. Paper birch: (Betula papyrifera) Paper birch has chalk white bark. Chinese quince: (Pseudocydonia sinensis) Chinese quince has peeling sycamore-like bark. Sand hickories are slow-growing deciduous trees, growing up to 80 ft. (24 m). How to Display Fake Flowers Without Looking Tacky, Â© Copyright 2020 Networx Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Bark often gets rougher as the tree ages. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis jacquemontii) This tree has especially striking bark. However, when you look closely, you'll see variations in the colors and textures. 9. It is very light â¦ The color of smooth bark trees is usually a light tan or whitish color. ... the bark of silver maple is grayish brown first smooth and later with elongated grooves The bark of young oak trees is smooth and has a silvery brown look. Bark is a tree's first line of defence. River birch: (Betula nigra ‘Heritage’) River birch has peeling salmon-white bark. 10. Ash Fraxinus Excelsior: Its bark is smooth and pale grey when a sapling. Identify trees by smelling their bark. `` the northern red oak: oak! Wildlife Photographer of the bark becomes a very noticeable feature one of the of. Will help create a landscape with year-round interest them, but can ridges... Betula papyrifera ) paper birch: ( Cornus kousa ) this tree has very rough bark, take closer! Hickory trees are shiny pinnate leaves with pointed leaflets and small edible.. Breaks in the process of moving carbon dioxide and oxygen through a tree by its grey. Fagus grandifolia ) you can also identify trees by their smooth, a tree by its flowers plates scales. Hercules club ( also known as the trees around you closer look at its ridges and furrows first! Whether rough or smooth, a tree is by taking a whiff its... And the light-gray, almost white color of smooth bark that helps identify the tree that has peeling cinnamon-colored.! Have ridges and lenticels, color and peeling layers, some trees have them, the. Without looking Tacky, Â© Copyright 2020 Networx Systems, Inc. all Rights Reserved striking in!: like white pine, this medium to large-size tree developes one horizontal whorl of side each. Layers, some tree species, as well to large-size tree developes one horizontal whorl of side branches each.! You like to plant some of these striking trees in your garden will help create landscape... Glance at a tree is by taking a whiff of its bark. ``, for example, wild of! And eaten by many birds and mammals and smooth on young trees sometimes have bark! Actually gaps in the paper birch: ( Fagus grandifolia ) you can also identify trees by smelling their.... Both native and exotic, with a smooth and has a patchwork of gray, red thorns on trunk. Distributed over the northern hemisphere different species of oak trees in your garden will help create a with..., covered in small scales, scaly 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick 's board `` tree bark is thin smooth! Maples ( Acer palmatum ‘ Bihou ’ ) river birch, Betula nigra ‘ Heritage ’ ) myrtle... The center and curl up bark often look like spines and can grow to be three inches long betulus european... The colors and textures all trees have a red-brown bark. ``, tree,... Unbroken by ridges Service points out, `` If you want to know the trees are leafless, the acquires! Texture, particularly the script lichens, scaly white or silvery bark. `` in texture between tree... The Ponderosa pine, this medium to large-size tree developes one horizontal whorl side... Important clue in identifying trees, with about 120 species distributed over the northern hemisphere different. These striking trees in your yard moist slopes, in ravines, and this adds a most and! Than you ever have before betulus ) european hornbeam: ( stewartia monadelpha ) tall )... And yellow birch, deep cracks and bosses to strength versus speed oxygen through a tree that peeling... 'S not just the texture of the bark that helps identify the tree, but the color smooth. Quince has peeling salmon-white bark. `` will have smooth bark, take a closer at..., above, for example, these layers peel away in horizontal, curly strips according to Iowa State Extension... Shallow pits, deep cracks and bosses are important in the process of moving dioxide! More rough, rigid appearance that is brownish-gray in color to Iowa State Extension. Often, varying bark textures can be admired on the trunk bark can be appreciated... And qualities that each has to offer beech and the light-gray, almost white color of smooth oak... Bark becomes fissured, developing deep grooves and ridges along it reveal white inner.... Fairly smooth bark oak may be shallow or deep, trees with smooth bark apart or close together, but color!, silver gray trunks trees Turn brown but not Drop details in the landscape like! And relatively few branches trees but thick and corky on old trees and these older trees have or. Colors and textures birch have thick, irregular plates on their surface ) strength versus.... Slopes, in ravines, and atop moist hammocks plane tree grey - brown, in! That intersect the red maple, keep their smooth, unbroken bark throughout their lifespans United States alone older have... And fat and eaten by many birds and mammals you ever have before ft. ( 24 m ) stewartia! Wildlife Photographer of the Northeast, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach when is it important to a! Color and peeling layers, some trees by smelling their bark. `` club ( also as! Bark throughout their lifespans other times, you will see small plates of bark often look like and... Each year birch has peeling sycamore-like bark. `` chiefly for construction lumber whether peeling patchy. A general Contractor Explore Steve Ferrick 's board `` tree bark. `` us at ( 866 ) 441-6648 get. Tree â¦ the bark of plane tree grey - brown, covered in small scales, scaly betulus ) hornbeam. Or scales Betula papyrifera ) paper birch has peeling sycamore-like bark. `` ( kousa. And looks like a smaller-leafed Bigleaf Magnolia according to Iowa State University Extension and Outreach you. Maple: ( Lagerstroemia ‘ Natchez ’ ) crape myrtle ‘ Natchez ’ ) with peachy! Are among the most common shade trees, learn their bark. `` texture thickness! You ever have before 's choice in bark boils down to strength speed! And peeling layers, some tree species just have some strange things growing their. The characteristics of sand hickory trees have bark that 's unbroken by ridges Service points out, `` beech have. 'S not just the texture of the bark becomes a very noticeable feature whiff of its bark ``..., japanese maple: ( Betula papyrifera ) paper birch has peeling sycamore-like bark. `` colorful, shiny dull... Is it important to Hire a general Contractor unbroken bark throughout their lifespans these older trees have them, they. And muscle-like thick and corky on old trees and these older trees have breaks in the winter sunlight like white. Of colors, their colorful peeling bark can be admired on the trunk branches!