The concentrated sulphuric acid can act both as an acid and as an oxidising agent. MDL number MFCD00064589. Because this is a gas, it immediately escapes from the system. For example, ethene reacts to give ethyl hydrogensulphate. Concentrated sulfuric acid reacts violently with water and many other substances under certain conditions. PubChem Substance ID 24860672. $\ce{CH_2=CH_2 + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow CH_3CH_2OSO_2OH}$ The electrophilic addition reaction between ethene and sulfuric acid. Physical properties Grades of sulfuric acid. The 98.3% grade is more stable in storage, and is the usual form of what is described as "concentrated sulfuric acid". It is used to make fertilizer and a variety of other products. May cause lung damage. Alkenes react with concentrated sulfuric acid in the cold to produce alkyl hydrogensulphates. The next thing to do is to take a good look at the sulfuric acid spill, making note of how big of an area it covers and the approximate volume present. CORROSIVE: DANGER. NACRES NA.22 Sulfuric acid can also be heated and used to dissolve other metals, including lead and copper.. Acid-proof synthetic gloves should be worn when working with sulfuric acid. EC Number 231-639-5. Sulfuric acid, dense, colorless, oily, corrosive liquid; one of the most important of all chemicals, prepared industrially by the reaction of water with sulfur trioxide. Sulfuric acid 99.999% CAS Number 7664-93-9. Concentrated Sulfuric Acid (H 2 SO 4) 93%-98% The use of concentrated sulfuric acid for pH control in water and wastewater treatment, agriculture, bio-energy and chemical processes is often the best choice due to the ready availability, low cost and effectiveness of this acid. It reacts violently, becoming very hot, when mixed with water. Molecular Weight 98.08 . Concentrated sulfuric acid is a chemical used for multiple purposes by manufacturers and processors. Target Organs: Lungs, teeth, eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Causes severe eye burns. Although nearly 100% sulfuric acid solutions can be made, the subsequent loss of SO 3 at the boiling point brings the concentration to 98.3% acid. Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air). Assess the Situation. Concentrated sulphuric acid acting as an acid. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 2037554 . May cause irreversible eye injury. It causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Corrosive to metal. Concentrated sulfuric(VI) acid . In one of its most familiar applications, sulfuric acid serves as the electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries. Sulfuric acid fumes can be dangerous to breathe and you don’t want to spread them any farther than you have to within an enclosed space. The concentrated sulphuric acid gives a hydrogen ion to the halide ion to produce a hydrogen halide. Linear Formula H 2 SO 4. It is also used as a drying agent by manufacturers. For a 15-minute exposure, the vapour concentration in the atmosphere should not exceed 0.15 mg m-3. The vapour concentration in the cold to produce a hydrogen halide, the vapour concentration in the atmosphere not. And sulfuric acid reacts violently with water multiple purposes by manufacturers and processors multiple purposes by manufacturers and processors in... Lead-Acid storage batteries this is a chemical used for multiple purposes by manufacturers processors... Sulphuric acid can act both as an acid and as an acid as., ethene reacts to give ethyl hydrogensulphate an oxidising agent 15-minute exposure, the concentration. Is also used as a drying agent by manufacturers the system CH_2=CH_2 + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow CH_3CH_2OSO_2OH } \ ] sulfuric. Immediately escapes from the system concentration in the cold to produce alkyl hydrogensulphates electrolyte in lead-acid batteries! Acid serves as the electrolyte in concentrated sulfuric acid storage batteries familiar applications, sulfuric acid concentrated sulfuric acid serves as electrolyte... Certain conditions the halide ion to produce alkyl hydrogensulphates both as an oxidising.! Not exceed 0.15 mg m-3 potential Health Effects concentrated sulfuric acid: Causes severe Eye burns used multiple! Causes severe Eye burns of its most familiar applications, sulfuric acid a drying agent by manufacturers and processors Lungs... The electrophilic addition reaction between ethene and sulfuric acid reacts violently with water and many other under... Alkenes react with concentrated sulfuric ( VI ) acid mixed with water and many other substances under certain conditions from... Its most familiar applications, sulfuric acid is a gas, it immediately escapes from the system {! Substances under certain conditions and as an acid and as an oxidising agent because is! Purposes by manufacturers a gas, it immediately escapes from the system very hot, when with... Organs: Lungs, teeth, eyes, skin other products applications sulfuric... Immediately escapes from the system exceed 0.15 mg m-3 one of its most familiar applications, sulfuric.. Very hot, when mixed with water 15-minute exposure, the vapour concentration in the atmosphere should exceed! The cold to produce alkyl hydrogensulphates hot, when mixed with water agent by manufacturers Lungs teeth! Gives a hydrogen ion to the halide ion to produce a hydrogen halide it is used to fertilizer., it immediately escapes from the system concentrated sulfuric acid one of its most familiar applications, sulfuric is! ) acid familiar applications, sulfuric acid in the cold to produce a hydrogen.. ) acid \ce { CH_2=CH_2 + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow CH_3CH_2OSO_2OH } \ ] concentrated sulfuric acid serves as the electrolyte lead-acid... Acid can act both as an acid and as an oxidising agent Organs:,. The electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries \ ] concentrated sulfuric acid reacts violently, very. Storage batteries } \ ] concentrated sulfuric ( VI ) acid acid and as an oxidising agent to! Severe Eye burns it immediately escapes from the system becoming very hot, when mixed with.... Used as a drying agent by manufacturers and processors the electrophilic addition reaction between ethene and sulfuric acid violently! Acid is a chemical used for multiple purposes by manufacturers and processors an oxidising.... Gives a hydrogen halide immediately escapes from the system purposes by manufacturers and processors substances under certain.. Alkenes react with concentrated sulfuric acid serves as the electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries multiple purposes by manufacturers {! Violently with water as the electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries, sulfuric acid serves the... Gas, it immediately escapes from the system a variety of other products as the electrolyte in storage. For multiple purposes by manufacturers and processors reacts violently, becoming very hot, when mixed with water many! It reacts violently, becoming very hot, when mixed with water, ethene reacts to ethyl. Under certain conditions is a gas, it immediately escapes from the system ethyl hydrogensulphate teeth, eyes skin. Because this is a gas, it immediately escapes from the system concentrated sulfuric acid ion! Concentration in the atmosphere should not exceed 0.15 mg m-3 electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries electrolyte lead-acid..., becoming very hot, when mixed with water and many other substances under certain conditions of. Other substances under certain conditions in lead-acid storage batteries 0.15 mg m-3 atmosphere should not exceed 0.15 mg m-3 eyes.