C. terniflora is self-pollinating and a high proportion of its seed is viable (Skibo, 2006). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Urban Habitats, 3(1), 192-210. Clematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis); young plants. October 2006. Two new eriophyid mite species associated with Clematis terniflora var. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service. It also inhibits the growth of legumes (Burnham 2013; SC-EPPC, undated). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. But if you want to share plants, the seedlings that sprout up around a mature plant can be transplanted wherever you wish. Sweet autumn clematis grows vigorously in the climate conditions across its entire hardiness range from USDA growing zones 5 to 9. December 2009. Invasive Plant List. http://issg.org/database/welcome/, Han Yan, Kitaoka, F., Mano, M., Sasaki, Y., Mikage, M., 2013. Clematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis); fruits. Sweet autumn clematis (Clematis terniflora) is a perennial flowering vine that produces sweetly fragrant flowers in the late summer and early fall, well after most other clematis plants are finished blooming. Compendium record. Invasive Plant List. 2018; Spread of seeds through acitivities of humans, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. It has been suggested that one way to limit the spread of C. terniflora, is to encourage people to plant alternative species, such as native vines, in their gardens instead (Skibo, 2006). Clematis leaves grow in pairs along the stems. In herbicide trials in Florida, imazapic 0.6 g ae/L, glyphosate as low as 3.6 g ae/L, triclopyr as low as 3.6 g ae/L, metsulfuron 0.07 g ai/L, and fluroxypyr as low as 1.8 g ae/L, resulted in 72-99% control of C. terniflora 90 days after application (Langeland and Meisenburg, 2009). Forestry Leaflet 28, July 2011., Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service. Flora of North America Editorial Committee, Invasive Plant Science and Management, 2(1), 70-73. http://www.wssa.net doi: 10.1614/IPSM-08-110.1, Liu, X. It is also introduced in Canada, Indonesia and Nepal (Roskov et al., 2018). Clematis terniflora is a perennial woody vine, native to Asia and introduced to North America as an ornamental. There is a lack of information about the direct effects of C. terniflora on native species, such as C. virginiana. Botanical Review, 83(3), 215-252. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12229-017-9184-3 doi: 10.1007/s12229-017-9184-3, USDA-ARS, 2018. http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col, SC-EPPC, 2004. The plant can climb woody vegetation to heights of >30m. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Kasugai, Aichi prefecture, Japan. However, it can be sparse and leggy near the base, so it is ideal to surround the lower area with other plants that hide the bottom of the sweet autumn clematis and keep its roots cool. Seeds have long feathery plumes and are widely dispersed by the wind (Skibo, 2006; Global Invasive Species Database, 2010). ©Leslie J. Mehrhoff/University of Connecticut/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. In: The PLANTS Database. Common Name: Sweet autumn clematis; Packet content (approximately): 10+ This deciduous, late-flowering twining vine has shiny, deep green, leathery leaves, and profuse clusters of exuberant, fragrant, white star-shaped flowers. It is rather rare that a gardener would need to propagate sweet autumn clematis. As with other clematis species, sweet autumn clematis is prone to clematis wilt, a potentially fatal fungal disease. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Green Gone Bad. http://www.pfaf.org/USER/Default.aspx, Roskov Y, Abucay L, Orrell T, Nicolson D, Bailly N, Kirk PM, Bourgoin T, DeWalt RE, Decock W, De Wever A, Nieukerken E van, Zarucchi J, Penev L, 2018. Easy to grow, it will thrive and bloom even in shade, where its flowers appear from late July to October, before maturing to attractive, plume-like seed heads. C. terniflora is tetraploid (2n = 4x = 32) (Wang et al., 2017). Leaflets are ovate or broadly lanceolate to narrowly deltate (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2018). It also can cause irritation from skin contact, though not everyone experiences this. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Formerly categorized as Clematis paniculata, sweet autumn clematis can grow to 30 feet, though 15 feet is a more typical mature size. Forestry Leaflet 28, July 2011. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. C. terniflora is native to China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Taiwan and parts of Russia (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). 2010, https://www.se-eppc.org/alabama/2007plantlist.pdf, http://www.tennacadofsci.org/journal/articles/vol77/JTAS77-2-45.pdf, https://www.invasive.org/species/list.cfm?id=90, http://bugwoodcloud.org/CDN/fleppc/plantlists/2017/2017FLEPPCLIST-TRIFOLD-FINALAPPROVEDBYKEN-SUBMITTEDTOALTA.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, https://wimastergardener.org/article/sweet-autumn-clematis-clematis-terniflora/, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plantfinder/plantfindersearch.aspx, https://www.se-eppc.org/southcarolina/SCList.pdf, https://www.se-eppc.org/southcarolina/scinvasives.pdf, https://www.se-eppc.org/southcarolina/Publications/ClematisTernifoliaArticleSCNLA.pdf, http://dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/dplap/information/Documents/DE%20Invasive%20Plant%20Booklet%20(DDA%20Plant%20Industries).pdf, http://s3.amazonaws.com/tneppc2/uploads/619/original/tn-eppc-plant-list-ww-w09-final-1.pdf, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1, Floridata, 2015. Kasugai, Aichi prefecture, Japan. Clematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis); flowering habit. extract, participation of aurantiamide acetate. Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee – 2009. Use the appropriate fungicide or insecticide for the problem. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council Non-Native Invasive Plant Species List – March, 2004., https://www.se-eppc.org/southcarolina/SCList.pdf, SC-EPPC, 2011. Invasive Plant Pest Species of South Carolina. Clematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis); habit, showing leaves. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Flowers are fragrant with four slender white petal-like sepals (Swearingen and Bargeron, 2016) that are obovate-oblong and measure 5-15 x 2-6 mm (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). Flowering occurs from July to September (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2018), and flowers attract bees and flies (Burnham, 2013). Plants are dormant in winter, making it easier to cut down larger plants at this time (Skibo, 2006). Herbicide evaluation to control Clematis terniflora invading natural areas in Gainesville, Florida. This handsome climbing vine displays billowy masses of fragrant flowers against leathery dark green leaves. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Simply cut a 4- to 6-inch stem segment, plant it in ordinary potting soil, and keep the soil moist until roots develop. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. 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